O1. Design, fabricate and characterize nanostructured platforms suitable for dual detection.
O2. Obtain reproducible SERS spectra of pharmaceutical pollutants on fabricated plasmonic substrates.
O3. Study the redox behaviour of pharmaceutical pollutants on the fabricated SERS-active surfaces.
O4. Design and fabricate the dual SERS-electrochemical sensing cell.
O5. Demonstrate dual SERS-electrochemical sensing of pharmaceutical pollutants in simulated samples at ppm to ppb concentrations.
O6. Disseminate results.